The move comes a day after the guilty verdicts in the Derek Chauvin trial.
“Today, I am announcing that the Justice Department has opened a civil investigation to determine whether the Minneapolis Police Department engages in a pattern or practice of unconstitutional, unlawful policing,” he said.
The Justice Department will assess whether the department has a pattern of using excessive force in arrests or at protests, whether the department’s officer’s engage in discriminatory conduct and whether its treatment of people with behavioral disabilities violates the law, Garland said.
Garland announced the investigation during public remarks Wednesday morning, acknowledging the death of George Floyd a day after former Minneapolis police officer Derek Chauvin was found guilty of Floyd’s murder.
“I know such wounds have deep roots, Garland said. “And that too many communities have experienced those wounds, firsthand. Yesterday’s verdict in the state criminal trial does not address, potentially systemic policing issues in Minneapolis.”
He said the effort will be staffed by “experienced attorneys” and others from the DOJ’s Civil Rights Division and the US Attorney’s Office for the District of Minnesota.
“The new civil investigation is separate from and independent of the federal criminal investigation into the death of George Floyd, that the Justice Department has previously announced,” he added.
Garland said the DOJ “also has the authority to bring a civil lawsuit” and that when the DOJ “finds unlawful practices or patterns or practices, the local police department enters into a settlement agreement or a consent decree to ensure that prompt and effective action is taken to align policing practices with the law.”
In his remarks, Garland acknowledged the long history of “the challenges we face.”
“They did not arise today, or last year, building trust between community and law enforcement will take time and effort by all of us. But we undertake this task with determination and urgency, knowing that change cannot wait.”
AP first reported the DOJ would make the announcement.
Garland had previously told ABC News’ Chief Justice Correspondent Pierre Thomas during an interview he was “shocked” at the footage of George Floyd in custody when he first saw it and that the Justice Department is committed to using pattern or practice investigations to hold law enforcement accountable.
“I said in my– Senate Judiciary Committee– testimony that I thought that pattern-or-practice investigations are an important tool of the justice department, to– ensure– police accountability, and ensure that departments– are using the best methods,” he said.