Local governments, health districts and schools have legal obligations to protect people in their jurisdiction so Thursday’s order could prove an uphill battle.
Under article four, section 12 of the Idaho Constitution; in the case of the governor’s absence from the state, the lieutenant governor automatically becomes acting governor. Which means they have all of the powers for that office.
Shaakirrah Sanders, a professor of law at the University of Idaho College of Law, said it’s clear that McGeachin has the authority to issue an executive order. However, she thinks the order is very confusing for the entities it impacts.
Local governments, health districts, public schools, among others, all have legal obligations to protect people in their jurisdiction. The executive order raises a lot of questions and possible legal challenges.
“The obvious option is to go to court,” said Sanders. “But if the governor is coming back today and decides to rescind the order then it’s maybe someone doesn’t have time to follow that lawsuit while it’s still enforced.”
School districts across the state, like West Ada and Boise, are consulting legal counsel regarding their school boards’ authority to enforce certain health and safety protocols.
Many have issued statements that wrote, “We are consulting legal counsel regarding our School Boards’ statutory authority under Idaho Code 33-512 to enforce certain health and safety protocols.”
“It could be that [places] say, ‘Hey we’re going to do what we think is best. If the lieutenant governor wants to enforce it, then enforce it and we’ll see you in court,'” Sanders said.
Sanders mentioned that there is a lot that remains unclear, which is why it leaves different interpretations up to each entity.
The City of Boise, which no longer has a mask mandate in place, does require people to wear face coverings in city facilities. City officials said under their interpretation, they will continue requiring people to do so.
“If an individual goes to a government facility or any of the places that are subject to this executive order and they say they don’t want to wear a mask, it is not quite clear if those individuals will be able to say, ‘Hey, here’s this executive order saying I don’t have to wear a mask and you can’t impose that on me,” Sanders said.
Whether an individual decides to sue an entity remains to be seen.
Sanders said for entities to decide whether or not to enforce the executive order really just comes down to whether or not they want to go to court.
“I think it increases the need upon the governor’s return to clarify this executive order or rescind it,” Sanders said.
Gov. Little’s office said this order came as a surprise. He is supposed to return to Idaho Thursday night and it’s unclear if he’ll make any changes.