July 27, 2021

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Stimulus and Biden Administration News: Live Updates – The New York Times

25 min read
A National Guard member outside the Capitol on Thursday.
Credit…Alyssa Schukar for The New York Times

Capitol Police officials requested a 60-day extension for National Guard troops deployed at the heavily-fortified complex — as law enforcement officials warned of a possible new assault on the building on Thursday, after obtaining intelligence pointing to a new plot by a militia group.

The threat had not materialized as of Thursday afternoon. But concern over another attack about two months after the Jan. 6 siege reflected the heightened anxiety about domestic terrorism, which the F.B.I. director, Christopher A. Wray, said Tuesday was “metastasizing across the country.”

Intelligence analysts have been tracking online chatter by some adherents of the pro-Trump conspiracy theory known as QAnon. Some of the theory’s followers appeared to have latched onto March 4 — the original inauguration date set in the Constitution — as the day Mr. Trump would be restored to the presidency and renew his crusade against the country’s enemies.

The Department of Defense has received a request for continued support from the Capitol Police, and is currently reviewing it, according to a Pentagon official and a senior Democratic congressional leadership aide who were not authorized to discuss the matter publicly.

The deployment is set to expire on March 12, and the possible extension was first reported by The Associated Press. Since the riot, the perimeter of the Capitol has been ringed with new fencing, topped with razor wire.

After being caught flat-footed by rioters on Jan. 6, the Capitol Police and some members of Congress appeared to be taking the warnings seriously. House leaders opted to move up a vote on policing legislation from Thursday to Wednesday night so lawmakers could leave Washington earlier than planned.

“It is heartbreaking that the United States Capitol continues to be a target — not by foreign adversaries — but by our fellow Americans,” Representative Tim Ryan, Democrat of Ohio, said in a statement.

The Senate proceeded with its legislative business on Thursday, as Democrats hoped to push Mr. Biden’s $1.9 trillion aid package through the chamber by the weekend.

It was unclear if the latest security concerns at the Capitol would affect Senate Democrats’ plans to advance the aid package. Some federal officials described the threats as more “aspirational” than operational. Even many influential QAnon followers, who believe the United States is dominated by a cabal of Satan-worshiping pedophiles, have cast March 4 as a “deep state” plot to incite the movement’s adherents and provoke a nationwide crackdown.

Representative Michael McCaul of Texas, a senior Republican on the House Homeland Security Committee, took the threat seriously enough on Wednesday to publicly argue that Mr. Trump should use his influence to keep it from happening.

“President Trump has a responsibility to tell them to stand down,” Mr. McCaul said on CNN. “This threat is credible. It’s real.”

Luke Broadwater contributed reporting.

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House Passes Sweeping Police Reform Bill Named for George Floyd

House lawmakers passed the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act late Wednesday, aimed at combating racial discrimination and excessive use of force. The bill was first passed last summer, before stalling in the Senate.

Thirty years after the world saw the brutal beating of Rodney King — I was in Los Angeles at the time, and I remember when that video was released, I thought that was going to be the moment that policing was transformed in the United States because finally, the world would see what had been happening in Black communities for over a century. After Rodney King’s brutal beating, nothing fundamentally changed in the country. Years later, we had cellphone cameras, and now we have seen video after video after video of people being beat and people being killed. That is the reason for the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act. Two measures of the bill hold police officers accountable, and then other measures of the bill support raising the standards and accreditation process of policing in the United States.” “George Floyd gasped his last words, ‘I can’t breathe,’ and ignited a nationwide reckoning on the racial injustice and police brutality that exists in our country. ‘I can’t breathe.’ Since then, Americans from every corner of the country, and actually people throughout the world, have taken to the streets to peacefully protest violence against Black Americans. Yet despite these protests, violence continues. We cannot accept this epidemic of injustice, which is why we will pass and send — well, we have passed now — we have passed and sent to the Senate and to president, the president, the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act, so it can become the law of the land.”

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House lawmakers passed the George Floyd Justice in Policing Act late Wednesday, aimed at combating racial discrimination and excessive use of force. The bill was first passed last summer, before stalling in the Senate.CreditCredit…Joshua Rashaad McFadden for The New York Times

House Democrats passed a sweeping federal policing overhaul on Wednesday that would combat racial discrimination and excessive use of force in law enforcement, as lawmakers seek to rekindle bipartisan negotiations on the issue.

The House first passed the legislation last summer, in an effort to respond to an outpouring of demands for racial justice after the killings of Black Americans across the country, including George Floyd, for whom the bill was named. But in the months since, Republican opposition in the House and Senate has only hardened, making its passage through the Senate exceedingly unlikely for now.

The House vote was 220 to 212, with two Democrats joining Republicans to vote no. One Republican voted to pass the overhaul, but quickly said it had been a mistake.

Progressives are plotting to use the opposition as an example of Republican obstruction as they build their case for Senate Democrats to jettison the legislative filibuster, to lower the threshold for Senate passage from 60 to just a simple majority. But Representative Karen Bass, Democrat of California and the bill’s principal author, said in an interview this week that she held out hope she could reach common ground with a cadre of Senate Republicans, led by Tim Scott of South Carolina, who had put together their own more modest proposal last summer.

“There is tremendous good faith and good will between Senator Scott and me,” Ms. Bass said, though she conceded that there had been a “loss in momentum” in favor of an overhaul since last summer.

The political shift was evident on Wednesday and may prove too formidable to overcome. After handling Democrats’ proposal gently last summer, Republicans made outright attacking liberal policing proposals a key plank of their 2020 campaigns and emerged convinced it was successful.

Representative Kevin McCarthy of California, the Republican leader, repeated one of those attacks on Thursday, asserting that the bill would “defund the police” by imposing “mountains of new regulations” that would drain departments’ resources. The attack sought to conflate the House Democrats’ effort with calls by progressive activists to shrink or otherwise pull resources from departments — which the lawmakers in Washington who crafted the bill explicitly rejected.

“Democrats just doubled down as the party of Defunding the Police,” Mr. McCarthy wrote on Twitter.

The House bill would amount to the most significant federal intervention into law enforcement in years. It would change legal protections that shield police officers from lawsuits, known as qualified immunity, and make it easier to prosecute them for wrongdoing. It would also impose a new set of restrictions on the use of deadly force, and effectively ban the use of chokeholds.

Law enforcement organizations and police unions have forcefully opposed the measure, and the Trump administration had threatened a veto, arguing it would weaken law enforcement agencies. President Biden supports the bill.

George Floyd, a 46-year-old African-American man, died in Minneapolis on May 25 after being handcuffed and pinned to the ground under the knee of a white police officer for more than nine minutes as he protested, “I can’t breathe.” The county medical examiner ruled the death a homicide.

Jury selection is set to begin on Monday for the trial of the officer, Derek Chauvin, who was fired and charged with second-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter. Three other former officers involved in Mr. Floyd’s death will be tried separately.

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House Democrats Prepare to Pass Sweeping Voting Rights Bill

House Democrats are set to pass the largest federal expansion of voting rights in decades as Republicans try to limit ballot access in states across the country following the 2020 election.

“This is called the For the People bill, and in doing so we combat big, dark, special-interest money in politics and amplify the voice of the American people. We fight foreign interference in our elections. We expand voting rights, we fight political gerrymandering and we crack down on corruption.” “H.R. 1, the For the People Act, will put a stop to the voter suppression that we’re seeing being debated right now in Georgia by taking an aim at the institutional barriers to voting. H.R. 1 would also create a national standard for voter registration, because your ZIP code should not determine your access to the ballot box.” “After that enormous turnout, we saw Republican legislatures all over the country try and stop that voting, to stop the absentee voting, to impose barriers, to make it harder for Americans to vote. H.R. 1 would put a stop to that. And it’s absolutely essential because nothing else happens unless the people’s voices are heard.”

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House Democrats are set to pass the largest federal expansion of voting rights in decades as Republicans try to limit ballot access in states across the country following the 2020 election.CreditCredit…Anna Moneymaker for The New York Times

Even as Congress was poised to pass the biggest relief package in the country’s history, attention quickly turned this week to the fundamental issue of voting rights in America, a partisan struggle that will define and perhaps decide elections in 2022, 2024 and beyond.

The decades-long fight over ballot access was largely overshadowed by former President Donald J. Trump’s personality-based politics.

But Mr. Trump’s loss was a warning call to Republicans — summed up in an admission from Mr. Trump’s ally Lindsey Graham after the defeat that “there will never be another Republican president” unless expanded mail-in voting, a key driver of Democratic success, was squashed.

Mr. Trump’s loss has sparked an instant backlash in states with conservative legislative majorities, uniting anti-Trump and pro-Trump factions in the common cause of self-preservation. All told, state lawmakers have introduced more than 250 bills in 43 states that would tighten voting rules, according to the Brennan Center for Justice at New York University.

The most prominent is Georgia, where Republican leaders reeling from Democrats’ unexpected statewide victories in the presidential election and two Senate races have unabashedly sought to clamp down on ballot access by advancing sharp limits to voting by mail and early voting on Sundays, when many Black voters cast ballots after church services.

This battle is fast defining life in Washington. On Thursday, the U.S. Capitol was on lockdown after security officials warned of a potential attack by extremists, many of them inspired, as were the Jan. 6 rioters, by Mr. Trump’s false claims that Democrats stole the election through fraudulent means, including expanded voter access and extended deadlines.

Late Wednesday, House Democrats pushed through a sweeping expansion of federal voting rights over unified Republican opposition. The measure was aimed at countering Republican attempts to clamp down on ballot access in states across as they attempt to claw back gains by Democrats who took advantage of expanded mail-in-voting and extended voting periods during the pandemic.

The bill, adopted 220 to 210 mostly along party lines, would be the most significant enhancement of federal voting protections since the 1960s if it became law. It aims to impose new national requirements weakening restrictive state voter identification laws, mandate automatic voter registration, expand early and mail-in voting, make it harder to purge voter rolls and restore voting rights to former felons — changes that studies suggest would increase turnout, especially by nonwhite voters.

But the measure, which is supported by President Biden, appears to be doomed for now in the Senate, where Republican opposition would make it all but impossible to draw the 60 votes needed to overcome a filibuster and advance.

The debate is spilling into popular culture. More Than a Vote, founded by the basketball star LeBron James last year, will join with the N.B.A. and other groups to protest the actions in Georgia at this weekend’s All-Star Game in Atlanta.

“This last election won’t change anything if we don’t keep working,” Mr. James wrote to his 49 million followers on Twitter on Tuesday.

Representative Deb Haaland of New Mexico is President Biden’s nominee to be interior secretary.
Credit…Pool photo by Graeme Jennings

A Senate committee on Thursday approved Deb Haaland to be the next secretary of the interior, with the support of Senator Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, a key Republican from an oil-producing state, virtually ensuring her confirmation by the Senate later this month.

Ms. Haaland will be leading an agency that oversees the nation’s over 500 million acres of public land, and will make history as the first Native American to head a cabinet department.

Ms. Murkowski joined another center-right Republican, Senator Susan Collins of Maine, in backing Ms. Haaland, a Democratic congresswoman from New Mexico who has expressed her intention to crack down on the use of fossil fuels throughout her career.

Ms. Murkowski said she weighed the importance of the oil and gas industry to her state’s economy — and Ms. Haaland’s “historic nomination” for Alaska’s Natives, who make up 18 percent of the state’s population.

“I have really struggled with this one,” Ms. Murkowski said just before the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee voted, 11 to 9, to greenlight her confirmation.

While some oil and gas organizations have lobbied against Ms. Haaland, a large and well-organized group of Native, progressive and environmental activists have also pushed to send the message to lawmakers that a vote against Ms. Haaland in the Senate could translate to a loss of Native American votes.

Ms. Murkowski said that before reaching her decision, she met with Ms. Haaland twice, each time for over an hour.

Ms. Haaland was likely to be approved, even without Republican support, although the Biden administration lobbied hard behind the scenes to ensure that Ms. Murkowski and Ms. Collins were on board. Last week, Senator Joe Manchin III, a conservative Democrat from coal-producing West Virginia, signaled his support for Ms. Haaland, ensuring she would be confirmed if no other Democrats defected at the last minute.

That Ms. Haaland’s nomination is now on a gliding path comes as a relief to White House officials who have spent much of the past two weeks fruitlessly trying to salvage the nomination of Neera Tanden as budget director.

During a contentious confirmation hearing last month, Republicans questioned Ms. Haaland’s long-held opposition to most drilling on federal property, with Ms. Murkowski expressing concern about an executive order signed by President Biden on his first day in office that placed a temporary moratorium on oil and gas leasing in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge.

Her constituents in Alaska, Ms. Murkowski said, were “looking at this and saying, ‘Wait a minute, why is this administration out to get us?’”

Ms. Haaland, who kept her answers short, reassured Ms. Murkowski that she planned to work closely with her on regulatory issues.

Most of Mr. Biden’s early nominees have been confirmed without much fuss. But many Senate Republicans have announced they will oppose Ms. Haaland, along with Xavier Becerra, the president’s pick to lead the Department of Health and Human Services, on policy grounds.

On Wednesday, the Senate Finance Committee deadlocked over Mr. Becerra’s nomination, in a 14-to-14 party line vote, that allows Senate Democrats to bring the nomination to the floor, where it will almost certainly be approved with Vice President Kamala Harris casting a tiebreaking vote.

A number of C.I.A. officers and diplomats working at the American embassy in Havana first came down with the symptoms in 2016 and 2017.
Credit…Alexandre Meneghini/Reuters

A new C.I.A. task force is trying to expand efforts to find the cause of a series of mysterious incidents that injured its officers around the world, the agency said this week, episodes that have occurred in Cuba, China, Russia and elsewhere.

The task force will work with the State Department as well as other intelligence agencies to gather fresh evidence about the episodes and re-examine existing material to draw conclusions on whether attacks occurred and, if so, what caused the injuries and who was responsible.

In recent years, dozens of intelligence officials and diplomats have been affected with what has become known as the Havana syndrome, a constellation of symptoms including headaches, memory loss, dizziness and more.

“C.I.A. is working alongside other government agencies to double down on our efforts to find answers regarding the unexplained global health incidents that have impacted personnel,” said Timothy L. Barrett, the C.I.A. press secretary. “The agency’s top priority has been and continues to be the well-being of all of our officers.”

Although the task force was formally established in December, the announcement of the new efforts comes after William J. Burns, the Biden administration’s nominee to lead the C.I.A., pledged during his confirmation hearing to review the evidence surrounding the incidents, which he described as attacks on agency personnel.

A number of C.I.A. officers and diplomats working at the American embassy in Havana came down with the symptoms in 2016 and 2017. In 2018, more Americans working in Guangzhou, China, started experiencing the symptoms. A third group of C.I.A. officers, many of them working on countering Russian intelligence activities, have been affected in a variety of countries. The incidents have continued in recent months.

Some current and former government officials believe Russia is behind the incidents, though neither the State Department nor C.I.A. has reached that conclusion.

A report from the National Academy of Sciences said a microwave weapon was most likely the cause of the injuries. While the report has convinced a number of the victims, some experts have viewed skeptically the evidence a microwave weapon was responsible.

The Senate Intelligence Committee unanimously approved Mr. Burns’s nomination on Tuesday, setting up a vote for his confirmation by the full Senate. The vote is expected next week, but the exact timing has not been set.

A U.S. Air Force MQ-1B Predator drone in the Persian Gulf region in 2016. Counterterrorism drone warfare has reached its fourth administration with President Biden.
Credit…John Moore/Getty Images

The Biden administration has quietly imposed temporary limits on counterterrorism drone strikes and commando raids outside conventional battlefield zones like Afghanistan and Syria, and it has begun a broad review of whether to tighten Trump-era rules for such operations, according to officials.

The military and the C.I.A. must now obtain White House permission to attack terrorism suspects in poorly governed places where there are scant American ground troops, like Somalia and Yemen. Under the Trump administration, they had been allowed to decide for themselves whether circumstances on the ground met certain conditions and an attack was justified.

Officials characterized the tighter controls as a stopgap while the Biden administration reviewed how targeting worked — both on paper and in practice — under former President Donald J. Trump and developed its own policy and procedures for counterterrorism kill-or-capture operations outside war zones, including how to minimize the risk of civilian casualties.

The Biden administration did not announce the new limits. But the national security adviser, Jake Sullivan, issued the order on Jan. 20, the day of President Biden’s inauguration, said the officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss internal deliberations.

Counterterrorism drone warfare has reached its fourth administration with Mr. Biden. As President Barack Obama’s vice president, Mr. Biden was part of a previous administration that oversaw a major escalation in targeted killings using remote-piloted aircraft in its first term, and then imposed significant new restraints on the practice in its second.

While the Biden administration still permits counterterrorism strikes outside active war zones, the additional review and bureaucratic hurdles it has imposed may explain a recent lull in such operations. The United States military’s Africa Command has carried out about half a dozen airstrikes this calendar year in Somalia targeting the Shabab, a terrorist group affiliated with Al Qaeda — but all were before Jan. 20.

Emily Horne, a spokeswoman for the National Security Council, acknowledged that Mr. Biden had issued “interim guidance” about the use of military force and related national security operations.

The Biden team is also weighing whether to restore an Obama-era order that had required the government to annually disclose estimates of how many suspected terrorists and civilian bystanders it had killed in airstrikes outside war zones. Mr. Obama invoked that requirement in 2016, but Mr. Trump removed it in 2019. The military separately publishes some information about its strikes in places like Somalia, but the C.I.A. does not.

Col. Anthony Henderson in 2016 at Camp Pendleton in California.
Credit…Lance Cpl. Tyler Byther/United States Marine Corps.

The Marine Corps is promoting Col. Anthony Henderson, a combat-tested Iraq and Afghanistan veteran, to brigadier general, a move that cracks the doorway for the service to potentially promote an African-American to its most senior ranks.

The Marine Corps, which had passed over Colonel Henderson for four years, has placed him on a highly selective list of nine colonels to be granted a coveted one star that denotes general rank status — brigadier general. The list, which was signed by President Biden, arrived Wednesday evening at the Senate Armed Services Committee, to start the required confirmation process, according to the committee’s website.

Normally, such promotions would not garner much attention. But Colonel Henderson is a Black man with combat command experience in a service — the Marines — that has never, in its 245-year history, had a four-star officer who was not a white man. And even the one-, two- and three-star Marine Corps officer positions are predominantly white and male — particularly the ones in the combat specialties that feed the four-star ranks.

If Colonel Henderson is confirmed by the Senate, he will become the rare Black general with a shot of getting all the way to the top.

“Tony Henderson has the potential to be the commandant of the Marine Corps,” said retired Lt. Gen. Ronald L. Bailey, the first Black man to command the First Marine Division, from 2011 to 2013. “He’s an individual who will work above and beyond what is required. This is well overdue.”

Colonel Henderson, 53, was passed over three times for brigadier general. In 2019, the Navy secretary, Richard V. Spencer, even added a handwritten recommendation to Colonel Henderson’s candidacy.

But each time, the promotion board demurred, and instead forwarded slates made up primarily of white men.

Current and former Marines pointed to Colonel Henderson’s tendency to speak his mind as an explanation for why he was passed over in the past, but those are traits that have not disqualified white Marine colonels. The Marine Corps’ decision to add Colonel Henderson to its list of brigadier generals followed an examination of his career by The New York Times.

The Marines have long cultivated a reputation as the nation’s toughest fighting force, but it remains an institution where a handful of white men command 185,000 white, African-American, Hispanic and Asian men and women.

Since the Corps first admitted African-American troops in 1942, the last military service to do so, only 25 have obtained the rank of general in any form. Not one has made it to the top four-star rank, an honor the Marines have, so far, bestowed solely on white men — 72 of them.

Six African-Americans reached lieutenant general, or three stars. The rest have received one or two stars, the majority in areas such as logistics and transportation and communications, specialties that, unlike combat arms, rarely lead into the most senior leadership.

Judge Merrick B. Garland, President Biden’s pick to be attorney general, during his confirmation hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee.
Credit…Stefani Reynolds for The New York Times

As Judge Merrick B. Garland prepares to take over the Justice Department, officials have already begun to reverse Trump-era policies denounced by Democrats and restore what longtime employees described as a less charged environment where they no longer feared retaliation from the president or public criticism from the attorney general.

Judge Garland, who is expected to be confirmed as attorney general in the coming days with bipartisan support, emphasized in his confirmation hearing his experience as a former prosecutor and his commitment to protecting the department from partisan influence. His remarks gave many Justice Department officials the impression that he would be an evenhanded leader who would trust and respect them.

But the judge’s vow to be fair and apolitical will be immediately tested by politically thorny investigations, efforts to reverse Trump-era measures and the Biden administration’s aims to reinvigorate civil rights initiatives and combat domestic terrorism, including the sprawling investigation into the Capitol attack by a pro-Trump mob on Jan. 6.

Monty Wilkinson, the acting attorney general and a career law enforcement official, quickly began reversing the Trump administration’s signature initiatives last month, including some viewed with skepticism even by Republicans. He rescinded contentious guidance to prosecutors about voter fraud investigations and harsh sentencing, as well as the “zero tolerance” policy for illegal entry into the United States from Mexico, which separated thousands of children from their families.

Since President Biden took office on Jan. 20, the department has also notified the Supreme Court that it would no longer challenge the Affordable Care Act, disavowing its position under the Trump administration. It withdrew a lawsuit that accused Yale of discriminating against Asian-American and white applicants, seen as part of a wider effort to dismantle affirmative action. And it retracted support for a lawsuit seeking to block transgender students from participating in girls’ high school sports.

Other moves by Mr. Wilkinson helped raise morale among employees who saw President Donald J. Trump and Attorney General William P. Barr as wielding the Justice Department for political gain, according to current and former employees. Most notably, Mr. Wilkinson asked a Trump-appointed prosecutor to stay on to oversee an investigation into Mr. Biden’s son, Hunter Biden; and he allowed John H. Durham, the special counsel, to continue his inquiry into the Russia investigation. Department officials viewed the decisions as an indication that facts, rather than political interests, would set the course.

Despite support from many Republicans on the committee, which voted 15 to 7 to advance Mr. Garland’s nomination, at least one objected to expediting his confirmation, Senator Richard J. Durbin, Democrat of Illinois and the chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, said on Wednesday. “It could be days, maybe even into next week, before he can take the job,” Mr. Durbin said in a speech on the Senate floor.

Credit…Monmouth University

Whatever honeymoon period he may have briefly enjoyed, President Biden is now past it, according to the results of a Monmouth University poll released this week.

Mr. Biden’s approval rating now stands at 51 percent nationwide, with 42 percent of the country disapproving, according to the poll, which was released on Wednesday. That’s a much narrower split than his 54 percent approval and 30 percent disapproval in another Monmouth survey that was conducted just after he took office.

His handling of the coronavirus appears to earn higher marks: Sixty-two percent of respondents to a nationwide Kaiser Family Foundation poll, also released Wednesday, said that they approved of how the president was confronting the Covid-19 crisis; just 30 percent disapproved.

More than nine in 10 Democrats said they liked how Mr. Biden was handling the pandemic, but just 22 percent of Republicans agreed, the Kaiser poll found. Notably, independents gave him positive marks on the issue by a two-to-one margin.

Congress is bearing the brunt of Americans’ impatience. The country now disapproves of the job lawmakers in Washington are doing by a 29-percentage-point spread, compared with just 16 points in January, the Monmouth poll found.

The poll found widespread support for the Covid-19 relief bill making its way through Congress, with 62 percent saying they want to see it passed. Two-thirds supported the bill’s provision increasing additional unemployment benefits to $400 a week from $300 a week. And 68 percent said that the proposed $1,400 stimulus payments should remain in the legislation as is, despite Republican objections; just 25 percent said the payments should be reduced to garner bipartisan support.

Fifty-three percent of respondents supported raising the minimum wage to $15 an hour, while 45 percent were opposed. Democratic leaders have pushed for such a wage increase, but the measure is unlikely to make it through the Senate.

The share of voters expressing no opinion of Mr. Biden’s performance dropped to 8 percent from 16 percent, with those Americans mostly appearing to drift into the “disapprove” camp.

The president’s approval rating is now just 43 percent among independents, with 48 percent disapproving. In January, 47 percent of independents approved, 30 percent disapproved and 22 percent had not made up their minds.

Richard Barnett of Gravette, Ark., posed for photographs while sitting at a desk in Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s office during the siege at the Capitol.
Credit…Jim Lo Scalzo/EPA, via Shutterstock

Richard Barnett, the Arkansas man charged with breaking into Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s office and stealing her mail during the Jan. 6 riot at the Capitol, threw a tantrum during a virtual court hearing on Thursday, yelling at the judge and his own lawyers that it wasn’t “fair” that he was still in jail weeks after his arrest.

One of the most recognizable figures from the Capitol assault, Mr. Barnett, 60, was photographed on Jan. 6 with his feet up on a desk in Ms. Pelosi’s office and a cattle-prod-like stun gun dangling from his belt.

From the moment he was taken into custody, he has waged an ongoing — and so far unsuccessful — effort to be freed on bond, and he loudly lost his patience with the process at an otherwise routine hearing in front of Judge Christopher Cooper of Federal District Court in Washington.

Appearing by video from jail, Mr. Barnett erupted into anger after Judge Cooper set the next court date in his case for a day in May, shouting that he did not want to remain behind bars for “another month.”

“They’re dragging this out!” he hollered. “They’re letting everybody else out!”

After a brief recess to calm the defendant down, Judge Cooper resumed the hearing, saying he would consider a new motion for release if and when Mr. Barnett’s lawyers filed one.

Elaine Chao announced her resignation as transportation secretary on Jan. 7, the day after the Capitol riot.
Credit…T.J. Kirkpatrick for The New York Times

The Transportation Department’s inspector general asked the Justice Department in December to consider a criminal investigation into what it said was Elaine Chao’s misuse of her office as transportation secretary in the Trump administration to help promote her family’s shipbuilding business, which is run by her sister and has extensive business ties with China.

In a report made public on Wednesday, the inspector general said the Justice Department’s criminal and public integrity divisions both declined to take up the matter, even after the inspector general found repeated examples of Ms. Chao using her staff and her office to help benefit her family and their business operations and revealed that staff members at the agency had raised ethics concerns.

“A formal investigation into potential misuses of position was warranted,” Mitch Behm, the department’s deputy inspector general, said on Tuesday in a letter to House lawmakers, accompanying a 44-page report detailing the investigation and the findings of wrongdoing.

Ms. Chao, the wife of Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the Republican leader, announced her resignation on Jan. 7, the day after the Capitol riot. At the time of her departure, an aide to Ms. Chao said her resignation was unrelated to the coming release of the investigation.

The investigation began after a 2019 report in The New York Times detailed Ms. Chao’s interactions with her family while she was transportation secretary, including a trip she had planned to take to China in 2017 with her father and sister. The inspector general’s report confirmed that planning for the trip, which was canceled, raised ethics concerns among other government officials.

Ms. Chao declined to respond to questions from the inspector general and instead provided a memo from September 2020 that described the importance of promoting her family as part of her official duties.

“Asian audiences welcome and respond positively to actions by the secretary that include her father in activities when appropriate,” the memo said.

The inspector general’s investigation detailed a series of instances where Ms. Chao directed her staff to spend federal government time and resources to help with matters related to the shipbuilding company and her father.

It found that Ms. Chao had used her staff to make extensive arrangements in 2017 for the planned trip to China, which had been scheduled to include stops at locations that had received financial support from her family’s company.

The investigators also found that she had repeatedly asked staff members to do tasks like editing her father’s Wikipedia page and promoting his biography.

A worker in a Trump 2020 campaign shirt was front and center among others listening to President Donald J. Trump speak at a Whirlpool Corporation washing machine factory in Clyde, Ohio, in August.
Credit…Joshua Roberts/Reuters

As the election returns rolled in showing President Donald J. Trump winning strong support from blue-collar voters in November while suffering historic losses in suburbs across the country, Senator Josh Hawley of Missouri, a Republican, declared on Twitter: “We are a working class party now. That’s the future.”

And with further results revealing that Mr. Trump had carried 40 percent of union households and made unexpected inroads with Latinos, other Republican leaders, including Senator Marco Rubio of Florida, trumpeted a political realignment. Republicans, they said, were accelerating their transformation into the party of Sam’s Club rather than the country club.

But since then, Republicans have offered very little to advance the economic interests of blue-collar workers. Two major opportunities for party leaders to showcase their priorities have unfolded recently without a nod to working Americans.

In Washington, as Democrats advance a nearly $2 trillion economic stimulus bill, they are facing universal opposition from congressional Republicans to the package, which is chock-full of measures to benefit struggling workers a full year into the coronavirus pandemic. The bill includes $1,400 checks to middle-income Americans and extended unemployment benefits, which are set to lapse on March 14.

And at a high-profile, high-decibel gathering of conservatives in Florida last weekend, potential 2024 presidential candidates, including Mr. Hawley and Senator Ted Cruz of Texas, scarcely mentioned a blue-collar agenda. They used their turns in the national spotlight to fan grievances about “cancel culture,” to bash the tech industry and to reinforce Mr. Trump’s false claims of a stolen election.

Inside and outside the party, critics see a familiar pattern: Republican officials, following Mr. Trump’s own example, are exploiting the cultural anger and racial resentment of a sizable segment of the white working class, but are making no concerted effort to help these Americans economically.

“This is the identity conundrum that Republicans have,” said Carlos Curbelo, a Republican former congressman from Florida, pointing to the universal opposition by House Republicans to the stimulus bill drawn up by President Biden and congressional Democrats. “This is a package that Donald Trump would have very likely supported as president.”

“Here is the question for the Rubios and the Hawleys and the Cruzes and anyone else who wants to capitalize on this potential new Republican coalition,” Mr. Curbelo added. “Eventually, if you don’t take action to improve people’s quality of life, they will abandon you.”

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